Construction documentation is a collective term for drawings that constitute production information. These Residential Construction drawings are further incorporated into tender and contract documents.
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The drawings in your Residential construction documentation set are either built-to-scale or as per elevational, sectional, or plan views. All designs follow identical architectural standards that allow them to be deciphered and interpreted.
Architecture drawing plans serve two critical functions – applying and receiving the building construction permit and helping in construction.
There are 6 essential drawings that help accomplish these tasks. Let’s discuss them.
Plans are diagrams drawn to scale, showing the arrangement of columns, beams, and ceilings inside a building. Typically, most documents include a site plan, floor plan, roof plan, and ceiling plan.
Site Plans: These are large scale drawings that display the full extent of the site.
Floor Plans: Imagine a horizontal view from above the building that shows the layout of rooms inside. This view is represented via floor plans.
Location Plans: These are supporting documents and provide an illustration of the building in context to its surroundings.
Ceiling Plans: Ceiling plans indicate ceiling level, installation of molding structures, and attachment of light fixtures.
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- Interior and Exterior Elevations
Elevations are orthographic projections of interior and exterior faces of a building. Elevation drawings are first angle projections that display the building as seen from one side; with the rest flattened.
An exterior elevation indicates floor to floor height, overall building height, exterior wall openings such as doors or windows, and the different materials used on the outer surface.
Interior elevations, on the other hand, show details of a particular room including its walls. They indicate the overall height of the room, wall openings including doors and windows, finishes, and wardrobe & cabinetry.
Elevations are essential, in the sense that they give you the right perspective of how your house will look from any side.
They are also excellent promotional and branding tools; adding great value in convincing your clients to take up your services.
Even more so when you get your elevations plans designed by us. We’ve got great ideas and expert detailers.
- Section Drawings
Just like a plan displays your building horizontally, a building section drawing cuts vertically through the house, showing different sections the rooms are cut through, the vertical dimensions of the rooms, and materials used for foundations footings to the rooftop.
- Interior & Exterior Detailing
So far, all the drawings that have been discussed are large scale.
Once you get an idea of how the overall construction is going to be, the focus then zooms to specific areas of the building and the type of materials that are going to be used for constructing them, otherwise known as exterior and interior details. These document sets are created from a vertical or a horizontal cut or elevation of the house.
Not to brag, but BluEntCAD’s experts are the champs of interior and exterior detailing. We can also add beautiful textures and finishes so that you get closer to your dream house.
- Room Finishes and Schedules
As soon as you figure out how the rooms are arranged inside, you would want to focus on how they look like.
And a schedule does just that.
Schedule comprises of all information on a material or a product at a collective place.
For instance, if you have a multi-level building with different doors, a door schedule will tell you the total number of doors, type of doors, their location, and the materials they’re created with.
Schedules are not limited to just furnishing. They can include plumbing fixtures, room finishes, cabinetry, and appliances too.
- Framing and Utility Plans
Framing plans are structural drawings and comprise an integral part of the Residential Construction Documentation.
They indicate the roof frame and flooring members for your house. With the help of framing plans, a builder is able to view the material size and location of weight acting on the framing members.
Utility plans illustrate the location of all mechanical, electrical, and plumbing (MEP) fixtures inside your building.
Apart from these 6 essential drawings, there are several other drawing sets that are of essence to house architectural drawings.
Take a look:
- As-built Drawings and Record Drawings
It is common for any building project to undergo changes during the construction phase. As-built drawings, as the name suggests, show only those structures that have actually been constructed on ground.
The final changes are marked in red by the contractor and these are, then used to create record drawings that show the completed project.
- Assembly Drawings
As the name suggests, assembly drawings show how multiple components fit together into a single unit. Orthogonal plans, elevations, sections, or three-dimensional views often constitute assembly drawings.
- Electrical Drawings
Electrical or wiring diagrams are technical drawings that convey how electrical systems will be installed through a visual representation of circuits or an electrical system.
- Shop Drawings
Prepared by contractors, suppliers, manufacturers or fabricators, shop drawings are indicative of how pre-fabricated components should be manufactured, assembled, and installed. These are usually prepared after consulting the design intent drawings.
But how do you make sure that these drawings are kept intact before, during, and post-construction? Well, all drawings reference back and forth so that nothing gets lost. Floor plans have an indicative marking where a section cut is made.
This is also present on exterior elevation drawings. Building section drawings have clear markers that highlight where a wall section is located.
Framing plans have symbols for each individual beam used, redirecting contractors to the beam schedule that shows all beams in the project.
We hope this article answers your query in understanding architecture drawing plans.
If you feel stuck, get residential construction documentation services at BluEntCAD to read and interpret your building plans and documents.
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