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Exploring the Phases of the Design Construction Process : What Truly Influences Them

Design construction

Design Construction plays an important role in construction projects. Performance of design process influences the performance of activities in subsequent phases and overall project performance.

Quality of designs has direct impact on project success (Couto, 2012). Project failure occurs when technical issues are overlooked by management during design process (Williams & Johnson, 2014). However, not enough emphasis is laid on design management processes (Formoso et al., 1998; Takim et al., 2003) – INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONSTRUCTION SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT Volume 5 Number 2 2015

This snippet from the literature review in the journal says it all. The design process is one of the most significant stages in a construction project. The design construction and management process carries these few fundamental stages – schematic design, design development, construction documents, and construction administration. Of course, incase you are selecting from a list of contractors; even the bidding process plays a role in the entire design process. Get in touch with our experts to know more about Construction DocumentationE-mail: cad@bluentcad.com
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The first three stages of the design construction process are what finally aid in the implementation of the actual construction work. The design construction process needs to be carried out in the most exhaustive form to ensure most minimal or no errors/modifications in the final output.

BluEntCAD experts have highlighted and discussed the 3 stages of design process and its influencers to showcase the momentous significance of carrying out a flawless design process.

Schematic Design

This is the first step and it begins with understanding what the clients are looking for. This stage is the most crucial as it is when the clients are in the ‘consideration’ mode. This process allows both parties to come to a great clarity and conclusion on whether they should even proceed to the next stage.

In the schematic design phase, at least 2-3 design options are showed to the clients. The designs are in the most basic form solidified as rough sketches to get an understanding of the different routes that client could take. The designs come with a rough cost estimate. This gives the client a bigger picture and they are able to come to a more authentic conclusion. They know which design satisfies them aesthetically and financially. Once the conclusion is drawn and both parties are on board, the design team shifts to the next stage – design development phase.

Design Development

The design is selected but it is in its most basic form. The design is given more components and layers to refine it. The initial design in the schematic phase usually comes with few modifications. These are taken care of in this development phase and align it with the same or revised cost as discussed in the previous meeting. This stage is on the slower end as the changes, modifications and finalization of both costs and design is confirmed. Post the finalization – the drawings, Interior Drafting, and 3D model is constructed and this brings us to the next significant phase of the design process.

Construction Documentation

This digitization of this process has led to the creation of the most accurate and ‘superior quality’ drawings or digital blueprints. The designers and architects focus on interior drafting – integrating the most exhaustive details including technical specifications and other elements to the final blueprint. This is the final phase before construction begins hence the client’s inputs in this stage is of utmost importance. Any changes during the actual construction process can lead to unnecessary costs and delays in the competition of the project. These documents are created for everyone involved in the project and it aids in keeping each and every stakeholder on the same page.

The factors that ultimately influence these different stages in the design project are financial, social, environmental, legal, client’s requirements and timeline, the biggest ones being financial and client’s needs.

Financial: The budget needs to be allocated in the most intelligent form. This influencer impacts all the 3 phases and can even trickle down to the actual construction phase. There are many unknown factors like weather that might push clients to bring out the contingency funds – which needs to be allocated for when the budget is drawn out.

Client’s needs: The designers might have great ideas but what is very important in such a complex production is meeting the client’s needs. This stands true for all phases. Apart from the basic requirement, the clients would have a specific requirement when it comes to aesthetic or functionality of the space. At BluEntCAD, the architects and designers are clients obsessed in order to not just meet but exceed their expectations.

Timeline: Here the mantra is – to deliver the project as quickly as humanly and robotically possible. Digitization of processes has helped in reducing the completion timelines however it also depends on the complexity of the project. The key is to deliver précised and quality CD sets to ensure little to no modification is required in the actual construction stage.

Social and environmental factors such as social awareness policies, recycling of waste, minimized use of water, are taken into consideration before drawing up the legal contract. This contract includes the timeline, payment schedule, material specifications, and drawings.

A design development process starts with brief from project owners. Othman et al. (2005) advocate the need for better brief development for clients’ satisfaction and project success. Yu et al. (2010) observe that lack of comprehensive brief from the clients create conflicts and disputes during project implementation. Therefore a design development process that lack owners’ inputs is prone to multiple revisions and rework. Same is true for owners’ feedback and review. Williamson et al. (2010) study of building maintenance issues, linked them to building design issues.” – INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONSTRUCTION SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT Volume 5 Number 2 2015

According to BluEntCAD, at the end of the day the design process needs to be flawless in order to ensure a satisfactory occupancy. The literature review stated above is what the professionals at BluEntCAD truly believe in and hence for them client comes first. As per the experts at BluEntCAD, there is no room for multiple revisions in the design and construction process. Connect with our team to know more about our services that are principle oriented.

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