Engineering blog
09 Apr 2024

5 Types of Construction Drawings in Building Plans & Architecture

Different construction teams use different types of construction drawings in a building project.

Construction drawings in architecture are detailed graphical representations or visual blueprints used for various aspects of building design, structure, and planning. They are more like diagrams or illustrations that give a glimpse into the construction project before it comes to reality.

You may relate them to architectural drawings, one of the subsets or types of construction design and drawings.

In this article, you will get a clear picture of the significant types of construction drawings available for architects, designers, engineers, contractors, and other AEC experts engaged in your building projects.

Five Different Types of Construction Drawings

Architectural Drawings

Architectural construction drawings detail the building design, layout, and dimensions.

Architects, engineers, and project planners rely on them to communicate their vision and convey information to each construction team. This helps them to plan and execute the building process smoothly.

  • Our architectural drawings projects reflect all-in-one views of building design for homebuilders and interior designers. They mostly ask for 2D and 3D modeling expertise to showcase more accurate, comprehensive, and detailed building plan drawings to stakeholders.

  • The traditional hand-drawn sketches are replaced by digital drawings or computer-aided drafting. They are powered by software like CAD and BIM or Revit modeling and are less expensive than paper drawings.

  • They are also used to get legal compliance for building permits, contracts, safety standards, etc. They feature standardized architectural symbols or markings to denote a structure’s specific dimensions, materials, and objects.

Subcontractors, construction planners, and stakeholders hire construction documentation specialists in the UK to get precise architectural design development drawings.

Structural Drawings

These types of construction drawings or civil engineering drawings emphasize the building’s structural features. They highlight the project’s base framework and provide details of its load-bearing elements and materials.

For instance, a building crew needs foundation plan drawings while planning construction projects for earthquake-prone areas. These structural drawings are based on the inputs derived from floor plans, elevation plans, etc.

  • They illustrate the structural dimensions of steel beams, columns, walls, footings, slabs, framing materials, and their installation.

  • They exclude the details of plumbing, electrical, and mechanical systems.

  • They are focused on the excavation process, layouts, structural strength, material requirements, and other physical attributes of the project.

Shop Drawings

Shop drawings encompass different fabrication drawings, diagrams, or plans drafted by engineers, architects, and contractors for manufacturers, fabricators, or suppliers.

These drawings give accurate details and directions to design prefabricated elements, materials, or equipment installed at the construction site.

Different types of shop drawings in architecture are:

The major advantage of shop drawings is their ease of customization, which results in fewer errors and more flexibility in the construction process.

MEP Drawings

The most popular types of construction drawings incorporate the areas of HVAC/mechanical, electrical, and plumbing details.

The benefits of MEP shop drawings eliminate clashes or errors in the functional structure of residential and commercial building projects.

  • Electrical MEP drawings outline the earthing layout, light and power grid, wiring layout, hazardous or shock-prone areas, circuit breakers, alarms, etc., in a visual format.

  • Mechanical construction drawings define the design framework for heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems within a building. Builders consult MEP engineers specifically for technical drawings of mechanical construction documentation services.

  • Plumbing and sanitary construction drawings are crucial aspects of building plans and architecture. They illustrate the layouts for water pipelines, drainage, outlets and their orientation, material types, and other plumbing elements.

Constructors also use professional BIM MEP services to eliminate the challenges in coordination, installation, and other common processes.

Interior Design Drawings

These types of construction drawings zoom into the interior layout of the proposed building.

Homebuilders, designers, subcontractors, and project stakeholders require interior construction drawings to visualize the building before the project begins. They include:

  • Detailed floor plans to showcase the intricacies of design and decorative elements in 2D. Unlike interactive 3D floor plans, they’re basic blueprints or sketches highlighting the orientation and dimensions of rooms without roofs.

  • Elevation building plan drawings for interiors are architectural drawings that exhibit heights, surfaces, finishes, patterns, and other characteristics.

Both interior and exterior elevation drawings give an aesthetic view of columns, windows, doors, surface detailing, marking, height, and other building elements.

Sum Up!

These types of construction drawings are the backbones of building architecture. They bridge the communication gaps within the construction crew and eliminate loopholes in their operations.

The advent of BIM technology and 3D rendering revolutionized construction documentation services (CD) domains, empowering architects, engineers, and designers to meet project goals at lower operational costs and legal vulnerability.

BluEntCAD, a certified engineering partner for residential and commercial construction documentation, is pioneering the tech-driven brilliance of CAD drafting, 3D rendering and VR, millwork shop drawings, and building information modeling (BIM).

If your construction crew faces coordination issues, you need consulting for your projects. Consult with the best team for construction design and documentation services today!



Your Citation

CAD Evangelist. "5 Types of Construction Drawings in Building Plans & Architecture" CAD Evangelist, Apr. 09, 2024,

CAD Evangelist. (2024, April 09). 5 Types of Construction Drawings in Building Plans & Architecture. Retrieved from

CAD Evangelist. "5 Types of Construction Drawings in Building Plans & Architecture" CAD Evangelist (accessed April 09, 2024 ).

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