Engineering blog
15 Nov 2021

Key Elements of Warehouse Design

Warehouse with concrete floor

Developing a warehouse design can be a complex process, thanks to the many factors you need to consider. The facility layout will need to facilitate smooth operations, high efficiency, and the best space utilization.

Understanding the primary requirements of a practical warehouse layout will help you create proper construction drawings and 3D rendering for the best results.

In this article, we will take you through the salient principles of a modern warehouse design for optimum warehouse performance.

Introduction: The Importance of Good Warehouse Design

Warehouse architecture will have a direct impact on the productivity and efficiency of your business.

The layout should help to arrange your processes in a way that streamlines operations and reduces expenses. Ideally, your warehouse design will also minimize travel time, provide easy access to storage, and boost rates of order fulfilment.

Furthermore, it is important to consider your business needs for planning the best warehouse layout. Altering a layout after construction has begun will be costly.

One of the most critical factors of the design is your customer service, especially regarding order lead times. If you, like many other leading service providers, focus on fast delivery, you will have to locate your warehouses close to your customers or to the facilities of your carriers. This will further guide decisions on the capacity and number of warehouses you will require.

Key Principles of Warehouse Layout Optimization

1. Consider Your Budget

Before starting on your warehouse design, you need to review your budget. It is recommended that you consider the most cost-efficient solution for your business without compromising on quality.

2. Allocate Appropriate Space

The purpose of this step is to reduce travel time, improve inventory visibility, and enhance operational efficiency. Furthermore, your space allocation decisions will impact installation capacity, goods placement and shelving designs.

You should allocate maximum space for inventory processing and storage, and minimum space for charging stations, office areas, empty pallets and so on.

3. Easy Accessibility

There must be easy access to all the products and areas in your warehouse. The warehouse layout should be designed for easy navigation throughout the facility. Furthermore, personnel should be able to locate and pick items without having to shift or move other objects and products.

This will result in orders being fulfilled more quickly.

4. Uninterrupted Flow

This includes the flow of goods, equipment and personnel. Make sure your warehouse design layout allows for this. This will also help you avoid disruptions and inefficient routes, and hence facilitate operations sequentially.

5. Consider Inbound Logistics

Answer the following questions:

  • Where are your suppliers located?

  • How reliable are they?

  • For incoming deliveries, what lead-times are acceptable?

6. Warehouse Throughput

Throughput is the number of products that are moved and processed through the various warehouse processes, such as storage, shipping, packing, receiving, etc.

Consider both the categories of products that will pass through your warehouse, and also the nature of the products and their velocity.

Nature includes the dimensions, handling characteristics, and other factors that may affect how inventory flows through the facility, such as bulk, fragility, hazard, compatibility with other products, security needs and so on.

Velocity regards the volume that moves through the warehouse every day. You will have to consider minimum activity levels and pick period activities.

Availability of accurate throughput data will greatly help in designing your warehouse. With proper data analytics, you can lower risks.

7. Equipment Needed

Identify the equipment you will need, such as pallet racks, lifting and packing tools, and conveyors. This will help you design the most suitable warehouse layout for your requirements and hence boost your productivity.

8. Guidelines and Laws

It is absolutely crucial to comply with guidelines laid out by local authorities. By abiding by these guidelines, you will help ensure the safety of your personnel and avoid legal issues and fines.

9. Warehouse Management Software

A warehouse management system will help you cope with daily tasks – especially repetitive ones or ones that are highly complex. Custom software will streamline your processes for maximum efficiency.

10. Minimal Touch of Goods

Try to get as close to zero handling of goods as you can. The average warehouse, unless fully automated, typically involves seven or eight instances of product handling. For best performance, you should attempt to get that down to three or four times.

Other Questions to Ask Yourself Before You Begin Design

  • Will your warehouse manage many returns? If so, you might want to accommodate some extra space for their processing and storage.

  • What activities will take place in your warehouse? Do you need separate areas for value-added services? Or will your operations include storage, intake, packing, picking and dispatch?

  • Are your goods subject to seasonality? How much fluctuation are you expecting due to seasonality? If it is a lot, attempt to permit capacity for peak throughput and storage.

  • What are the characteristics of your goods? It is vital to know this. Ask yourself questions such as:

    • How will your products be stored?

    • How easy are they to store in warehouse racking or in stacks on the ground?

    • Do they require control in environment, such as frozen goods?

    • Do they need processing aside from storage?


We hope this article has given you an insight into where to begin with your warehouse architecture.

To ensure that the design is really what you want, we recommend warehouse rendering. This will help you clearly envision your structure before it is even built.

If that sounds like something you want, BluEntCAD offers photorealistic 3D rendering services to commercial architects, homebuilders, remodelers, design build contractors, real estate developers, engineering companies and more for commercial, infrastructure, hospitality and residential projects.

Ready to get the warehouse your business needs with 3D rendering services? Contact us now!



Your Citation

CAD Evangelist. "Key Elements of Warehouse Design" CAD Evangelist, Nov. 15, 2021,

CAD Evangelist. (2021, November 15). Key Elements of Warehouse Design. Retrieved from

CAD Evangelist. "Key Elements of Warehouse Design" CAD Evangelist (accessed November 15, 2021 ).

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