Shop drawings vs construction drawings vs as-built drawings. If you work in the AEC industry, then you must have heard these terms quite often. To optimize construction documentation and the building process, it is crucial to understand the differences between them.
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Shop Drawings vs Construction Drawings vs As-Built Drawings
Every real-estate project passes through several phases before the construction begins on site.
One of these is the design phase, which includes all specifications and architectural drawings necessary for construction. This is done with construction working drawings.
In the design phase, design drawings are developed into a thorough and precise set of construction documents. These drawings and specifications have all the details, dimensions, and notes necessary to communicate the whole design intent to the builder.
They show how the building components should be connected, specify all of the materials, finishes, fixtures, equipment, and appliances to be installed, and coordinate these drawings with the structural engineer and any other consultant’s drawings.
This is a critical step in the process of successfully and accurately executing the design that one has invested in.
Building and wall sections
Interior and exterior details
Schedules and finishes
Framing and utility plans
There are several ways of creating effective construction documentation. You can read more about it or get in touch with us to discuss the details of your next construction project.
Working drawings help to represent components and communicate with end clients.
Shop drawings, on the other hand, are used by fabricators to know how the components will be manufactured and installed during the construction process. There are various types of shop drawings, including but not limited to millwork shop drawings, metal shop drawings, and stone and tile shop drawings.
Shop drawings are detailed plans that translate design intent. They provide the information necessary to manufacture, fabricate, assemble and install all the components of a structure.
Shop drawings supplement working drawings. Consider them an add-on or a detailed development of construction working drawings.
They typically include fabrication and installation details, structural steel detailing, windows and door installations and other MEP components.
With the help of shop drawings, you will be able to figure out the kind of materials you will require for the components, the dimensions of the proposed installations, and the timelines.
So, does this mean the custom shop drawings for your new project should be ready before the construction phase?
Getting shop drawings drawn or documented should be one of the first to-dos on your checklist before your project kicks off.
You will get two birds with one stone if you have your construction shop drawings in place
You will know your building’s design, installed components and specific details inside out, long before the construction begins.
With detailed shop drawings in hand, your team – project managers, contractors, designers and manufacturers – will be on the same page.
Based on the kind of project, the type of property, and your budget, your shop drawings will have varied electrical drawings, mechanical drawings, plumbing drawings, etc.
The type of information present in the shop drawings will also depend on the kind of shop drawings they are. Having said that, there is generally some information that will be present in all shop drawings.
Essential details that your shop drawings must include:
Information required for fabrication, such as dimensions and special instructions, including connection details
Applicable fabrication standards
Installation and erection information
Dimensions that require on-site verification
Comparisons to construction documents to enable approval by the architect or engineer
Notes on changes from the construction documents to enable approval by the architect or engineer
Also known as record drawings or red-lined drawings, as-built drawings are documents that allow you to compare and contrast the designed versus final specifications. They provide a detailed blueprint of the building and the land around it as actually constructed in the end.
As-builts are defined as a “revised set of drawings submitted by a contractor upon completion of a project or a particular job. They reflect all changes made in the specifications and working drawings during the construction process, and show the exact dimensions, geometry and location of all elements of the work completed under the contract.”
The final as-built drawings include all of the following, as well as every other change made during the construction phase of a project:
Shop drawing changes
Why should you have as-built architectural drawings?
As-built construction documents reflect the actual structure or the building – not as it was conceived as idea, but as it actually stands.
Buildings don’t always stick to plans and the final structure may be slightly or significantly different to the original idea.
This is true for a variety of reasons:
Offer insights into safety: With as-built drawing plans, process hazard analysis and safety management become easy to achieve.
Since the plans show where equipment shut-off valves are located, you can develop emergency evacuation plans, install safety equipment and set up contingency plans around your building perimeter.
Facilitate future repairs and renovations: Since the as-built drawing process takes into account only the final erected structure and installed components, they come in handy for any maintenance work in future.
They serve as construction documents and shop drawings when the need to renovate an old structure arises. They also ensure that retrofits, if required, are carried out efficiently.
Maintenance and operations is a breeze: As-built drawings assist in maintaining and easy operation of structures, because they have a clear documented history of the building.
They also include electrical as built, mechanical as built and plumbing as built, allowing faster repairs by quick reference.
Without custom as-built drawings, determining installed components, locating them and then repairing them is time-consuming and expensive.
We hope this article has helped you understand the difference between shop drawings vs construction drawings vs as-built drawings.
Do you need shop drawings, construction drawings, or as-built drawings? Get in touch with BluEntCAD today! If you want to see how we’ve helped companies like yours, check out our portfolio.
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